10-Q
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-Q

 

 

(Mark One)

x QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2014

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from                      to                     

 

 

 

Commission

File Number

 

Exact Name of Registrant as

Specified in its Charter, Principal

Executive Office Address and

Telephone Number

 

State of

Incorporation

 

I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.

001-06033

 

United Continental Holdings, Inc.

233 South Wacker Drive,

Chicago, Illinois 60606

(872) 825-4000

  Delaware   36-2675207

001-10323

 

United Airlines, Inc.

233 South Wacker Drive,

Chicago, Illinois 60606

(872) 825-4000

  Delaware   74-2099724

 

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.

 

  United Continental Holdings, Inc.   Yes  x    No  ¨   
  United Airlines, Inc.   Yes  x    No  ¨   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this Chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).

 

  United Continental Holdings, Inc.   Yes  x    No  ¨   
  United Airlines, Inc.   Yes  x    No  ¨   

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

United Continental

Holdings, Inc.

  Large accelerated filer  x   Accelerated filer  ¨   Non-accelerated filer  ¨   Smaller reporting company  ¨

United Airlines, Inc.

  Large accelerated filer  ¨   Accelerated filer  ¨   Non-accelerated filer  x   Smaller reporting company  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).

 

 

United Continental Holdings, Inc.

  Yes  ¨    No  x   
 

United Airlines, Inc.

  Yes  ¨    No  x   

The number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock as of July 14, 2014 is shown below:

 

United Continental Holdings, Inc.

   373,574,562 shares of common stock ($0.01 par value)

United Airlines, Inc.

  

1,000 (100% owned by United Continental Holdings, Inc.)

There is no market for United Airlines, Inc. common stock.

OMISSION OF CERTAIN INFORMATION

This combined Form 10-Q is separately filed by United Continental Holdings, Inc. and United Airlines, Inc. United Airlines, Inc. meets the conditions set forth in General Instruction H(1)(a) and (b) of Form 10-Q and is therefore filing this form with the reduced disclosure format allowed under that General Instruction.


Table of Contents

United Continental Holdings, Inc.

United Airlines, Inc.

Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q

For the Quarter Ended June 30, 2014

 

                 Page          
  PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION   

Item 1.

 

Financial Statements

  
 

United Continental Holdings, Inc.:

  
 

Statements of Consolidated Operations

     3   
 

Statements of Consolidated Comprehensive Income (Loss)

     4   
 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

     5   
 

Condensed Statements of Consolidated Cash Flows

     7   
 

United Airlines, Inc.:

  
 

Statements of Consolidated Operations

     8   
 

Statements of Consolidated Comprehensive Income (Loss)

     9   
 

Consolidated Balance Sheets

     10   
 

Condensed Statements of Consolidated Cash Flows

     12   
 

Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements

(United Continental Holdings, Inc. and United Airlines, Inc.)

     13   

Item 2.

 

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     27   

Item 3.

 

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     39   

Item 4.

 

Controls and Procedures

     39   
  PART II. OTHER INFORMATION   

Item 1.

 

Legal Proceedings

     41   

Item 1A.

 

Risk Factors

     41   

Item 6.

 

Exhibits

     42   

Signatures

     43   

Exhibit Index

     44   


Table of Contents

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS.

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)

(In millions, except per share amounts)

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,      Six Months Ended June 30,  
           2014                  2013                  2014                  2013        

Operating revenue:

           

Passenger—Mainline

    $ 7,148         $ 6,829         $ 12,996         $ 12,767    

Passenger—Regional

     1,833          1,839          3,369          3,460    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total passenger revenue

     8,981          8,668          16,365          16,227    

Cargo

     232          236          441          463    

Other operating revenue

     1,116          1,097          2,219          2,032    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     10,329          10,001          19,025          18,722    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating expense:

           

Aircraft fuel

     3,101          3,068          6,018          6,118    

Salaries and related costs

     2,187          2,175          4,340          4,302    

Regional capacity purchase

     591          628          1,150          1,216    

Landing fees and other rent

     567          507          1,139          1,004    

Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs

     471          480          929          918    

Depreciation and amortization

     417          425          826          833    

Distribution expenses

     346          347          664          675    

Aircraft rent

     222          235          446          475    

Special charges (Note 10)

     169          52          221          144    

Other operating expenses

     1,352          1,314          2,735          2,531    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     9,423          9,231          18,468          18,216    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income

     906          770          557          506    
           

Nonoperating income (expense):

           

Interest expense

     (186)         (194)         (373)         (395)   

Interest capitalized

     13          12          27          23    

Interest income

                             11    

Miscellaneous, net

     54          (123)         (35)         (100)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     (115)         (299)         (372)         (461)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     791          471          185          45    

Income tax expense (benefit)

                             (7)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income

    $ 789         $ 469         $ 180         $ 52    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings per share, basic

    $ 2.11         $ 1.37         $ 0.48         $ 0.15    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings per share, diluted

    $ 2.01         $ 1.21         $ 0.47         $ 0.15    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

3


Table of Contents

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (UNAUDITED)

(In millions)

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,      Six Months Ended June 30,  
           2014                  2013                  2014                  2013        

Net income

    $ 789         $ 469         $ 180         $ 52    
           

Other comprehensive income (loss), net change related to:

           

Fuel derivative financial instruments

     32          (10)         25          (10)   

Employee benefit plans

     (18)         459          (39)         480    

Investments and other

     (5)                 (5)           
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
             458          (19)         477    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income, net

    $ 798         $ 927         $ 161         $ 529    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

4


Table of Contents

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In millions, except shares)

 

     (Unaudited)
June 30,  2014
     December 31, 2013  

ASSETS

     

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

    $ 3,424         $ 3,220    

Short-term investments

     2,372          1,901    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments

     5,796          5,121    

Restricted cash

     48          31    

Receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts (2014—$15; 2013—$13)

     1,665          1,503    

Aircraft fuel, spare parts and supplies, less obsolescence allowance (2014—$181; 2013—$162)

     685          667    

Deferred income taxes

     586          676    

Prepaid expenses and other

     839          704    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     9,619          8,702    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating property and equipment:

     

Owned—

     

Flight equipment

     19,983          18,786    

Other property and equipment

     3,850          3,687    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     23,833          22,473    

Less—Accumulated depreciation and amortization

     (6,665)         (6,080)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     17,168          16,393    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     

Purchase deposits for flight equipment

     799          706    
     

Capital leases—

     

Flight equipment

     1,423          1,490    

Other property and equipment

     322          307    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1,745          1,797    

Less—Accumulated amortization

     (855)         (849)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     890          948    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     18,857          18,047    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other assets:

     

Goodwill

     4,523          4,523    

Intangibles, less accumulated amortization (2014—$987; 2013—$933)

     4,372          4,436    

Restricted cash

     303          364    

Other, net

     773          740    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     9,971          10,063    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
    $ 38,447         $ 36,812    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(continued on next page)

 

5


Table of Contents

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In millions, except shares)

 

     (Unaudited)
June 30,  2014
     December 31, 2013  

LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

     

Current liabilities:

     

Advance ticket sales

    $ 5,027         $ 3,405    

Frequent flyer deferred revenue

     2,147          2,369    

Accounts payable

     2,441          2,087    

Accrued salaries and benefits

     1,460          1,696    

Current maturities of long-term debt

     1,168          1,368    

Current maturities of capital leases

     98          117    

Other

     993          1,065    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     13,334          12,107    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     

Long-term debt

     10,354          10,171    

Long-term obligations under capital leases

     700          753    
     

Other liabilities and deferred credits:

     

Frequent flyer deferred revenue

     2,735          2,535    

Postretirement benefit liability

     1,689          1,703    

Pension liability

     1,589          1,650    

Advanced purchase of miles

     1,226          1,338    

Deferred income taxes

     1,576          1,662    

Lease fair value adjustment, net

     526          626    

Other

     1,371          1,283    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     10,712          10,797    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

     

Stockholders’ equity:

     

Preferred stock

     —          —    

Common stock at par, $0.01 par value; authorized 1,000,000,000 shares; outstanding 373,569,662 and 362,283,555 shares at June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013, respectively

               

Additional capital invested

     7,636          7,425    

Accumulated deficit

     (4,835)         (5,015)   

Stock held in treasury, at cost

     (47)         (38)   

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     589          608    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     3,347          2,984    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
    $ 38,447         $ 36,812    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

6


Table of Contents

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

(In millions)

 

     Six Months Ended
June  30,
 
     2014      2013  

 Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

     

 Net cash provided by operating activities

    $ 2,158         $ 1,541    

 Cash Flows from Investing Activities:

     

Capital expenditures

     (953)         (821)   

Increase in short-term and other investments, net

     (474)         (41)   

Decrease in restricted cash, net

     44          12    

Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

     43          17    

Other, net

             —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 Net cash used in investing activities

     (1,332)         (833)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

     

Payments of long-term debt

     (912)         (1,737)   

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

     395          520    

Principal payments under capital leases

     (58)         (73)   

Other, net

     (47)         (45)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 Net cash used in financing activities

     (622)         (1,335)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     204          (627)   

 Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the period

     3,220          4,770    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 Cash and cash equivalents at end of the period

    $ 3,424         $ 4,143    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 Investing and Financing Activities Not Affecting Cash:

     

Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt

    $ 658         $ 225    

Exchanges of certain convertible notes for common stock

     202          189    

Airport construction financing

     11          29    

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

7


Table of Contents

UNITED AIRLINES, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)

(In millions)

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,      Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2014      2013      2014      2013  

Operating revenue:

           

Passenger—Mainline

    $ 7,148         $ 6,829         $ 12,996         $ 12,767    

Passenger—Regional

     1,833          1,839          3,369          3,460    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total passenger revenue

     8,981          8,668          16,365          16,227    

Cargo

     232          236          441          463    

Other operating revenue

     1,116          1,099          2,219          2,036    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     10,329          10,003          19,025          18,726    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating expense:

           

Aircraft fuel

     3,101          3,068          6,018          6,118    

Salaries and related costs

     2,187          2,175          4,340          4,302    

Regional capacity purchase

     591          628          1,150          1,216    

Landing fees and other rent

     567          507          1,139          1,004    

Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs

     471          480          929          918    

Depreciation and amortization

     417          425          826          833    

Distribution expenses

     346          347          664          675    

Aircraft rent

     222          235          446          475    

Special charges (Note 10)

     169          52          221          144    

Other operating expenses

     1,352          1,313          2,727          2,530    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     9,423          9,230          18,460          18,215    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating income

     906          773          565          511    
           

Nonoperating income (expense):

           

Interest expense

     (188)         (188)         (377)         (391)   

Interest capitalized

     13          12          27          23    

Interest income

                             11    

Miscellaneous, net

     36          (117)         (30)         (32)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     (135)         (287)         (371)         (389)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Income before income taxes

     771          486          194          122    

Income tax expense

                             —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net income

    $ 769         $ 484         $ 189         $ 122    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

8


Table of Contents

UNITED AIRLINES, INC.

STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) (UNAUDITED)

(In millions)

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,      Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2014      2013      2014      2013  

Net income

    $ 769         $ 484         $ 189         $ 122    
           

Other comprehensive income (loss), net change related to:

           

Fuel derivative financial instruments

     32          (10)         25          (10)   

Employee benefit plans

     (18)         459          (39)         480    

Investments and other

     (6)                 (5)           

Other

     —          —          —            
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
             458          (19)         484    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total comprehensive income, net

    $ 777         $ 942         $ 170         $ 606    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

9


Table of Contents

UNITED AIRLINES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In millions, except shares)

 

     (Unaudited)         
     June 30, 2014      December 31, 2013  

ASSETS

     

Current assets:

     

Cash and cash equivalents

    $ 3,418         $ 3,214    

Short-term investments

     2,372          1,901    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total unrestricted cash, cash equivalents and short-term investments

     5,790          5,115    

Restricted cash

     48          31    

Receivables, less allowance for doubtful accounts (2014—$15;
2013—$13)

     1,665          1,503    

Aircraft fuel, spare parts and supplies, less obsolescence allowance
(2014—$181; 2013—$162)

     685          667    

Deferred income taxes

     579          674    

Prepaid expenses and other

     887          705    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     9,654          8,695    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Operating property and equipment:

     

Owned—

     

Flight equipment

     19,983          18,786    

Other property and equipment

     3,850          3,687    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     23,833          22,473    

Less—Accumulated depreciation and amortization

     (6,665)         (6,080)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     17,168          16,393    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     

Purchase deposits for flight equipment

     799          706    
     

Capital leases—

     

Flight equipment

     1,423          1,490    

Other property and equipment

     322          307    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1,745          1,797    

Less—Accumulated amortization

     (855)         (849)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     890          948    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     18,857          18,047    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Other assets:

     

Goodwill

     4,523          4,523    

Intangibles, less accumulated amortization (2014—$987; 2013—
$933)

     4,372          4,436    

Restricted cash

     303          364    

Other, net

     1,222          1,221    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     10,420          10,544    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
    $ 38,931         $ 37,286    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(continued on next page)

 

10


Table of Contents

UNITED AIRLINES, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In millions, except shares)

 

     (Unaudited)         
     June 30, 2014      December 31, 2013  
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDER’S EQUITY              

Current liabilities:

     

Advance ticket sales

    $ 5,027         $ 3,405    

Frequent flyer deferred revenue

     2,147          2,369    

Accounts payable

     2,446          2,092    

Accrued salaries and benefits

     1,460          1,696    

Current maturities of long-term debt

     1,168          1,368    

Current maturities of capital leases

     98          117    

Payables to related parties

     100          114    

Other

     984          1,064    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     13,430          12,225    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     

Long-term debt

     10,255          10,020    

Long-term obligations under capital leases

     700          753    
     

Other liabilities and deferred credits:

     

Frequent flyer deferred revenue

     2,735          2,535    

Postretirement benefit liability

     1,689          1,703    

Pension liability

     1,589          1,650    

Advanced purchase of miles

     1,226          1,338    

Deferred income taxes

     1,570          1,661    

Lease fair value adjustment

     526          626    

Other

     1,634          1,552    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     10,969          11,065    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Commitments and contingencies

     

Stockholder’s equity:

     

Common stock at par, $0.01 par value; authorized 1,000 shares;
issued and outstanding 1,000 shares at both June 30, 2014 and
December 31, 2013

     —          —    

Additional capital invested

     7,540          7,590    

Accumulated deficit

     (4,552)         (4,743)   

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     589          608    

Receivable from related parties

     —          (232)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
     3,577          3,223    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
    $ 38,931         $ 37,286    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

11


Table of Contents

UNITED AIRLINES, INC.

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

(In millions)

 

     Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2014      2013  

Cash Flows from Operating Activities:

     

Net cash provided by operating activities

    $ 2,149         $ 1,538    

Cash Flows from Investing Activities:

     

Capital expenditures

     (953)         (821)   

Increase in short-term and other investments, net

     (474)         (41)   

Decrease in restricted cash, net

     44          12    

Proceeds from sale of property and equipment

     43          16    

Other, net

             —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net cash used in investing activities

     (1,332)         (834)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash Flows from Financing Activities:

     

Payments of long-term debt

     (912)         (1,737)   

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

     395          520    

Principal payments under capital leases

     (58)         (73)   

Other, net

     (38)         (42)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net cash used in financing activities

     (613)         (1,332)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     204          (628)   

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of the period

     3,214          4,765    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Cash and cash equivalents at end of the period

    $ 3,418         $ 4,137    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Investing and Financing Activities Not Affecting Cash:

     

Property and equipment acquired through the issuance of debt

    $ 658         $ 225    

Transfer of UAL subsidiaries to United

     186          —    

Contribution of capital associated with conversion of convertible notes

     156          —    

Airport construction financing

     11          29    

The accompanying Combined Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements are an integral part of these statements.

 

12


Table of Contents

UNITED CONTINENTAL HOLDINGS, INC. AND UNITED AIRLINES, INC.

COMBINED NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

United Continental Holdings, Inc. (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, “UAL” or the “Company”) is a holding company and its principal, wholly-owned subsidiary is United Airlines, Inc. (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, “United”). This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is a combined report of UAL and United including their respective consolidated financial statements. As UAL consolidates United for financial statement purposes, disclosures that relate to activities of United also apply to UAL, unless otherwise noted. United’s operating revenues and operating expenses comprise nearly 100% of UAL’s revenues and operating expenses. In addition, United comprises approximately the entire balance of UAL’s assets, liabilities and operating cash flows. When appropriate, UAL and United are named specifically for their individual contractual obligations and related disclosures and any significant differences between the operations and results of UAL and United are separately disclosed and explained. We sometimes use the words “we,” “our,” “us,” and the “Company” in this report for disclosures that relate to all of UAL and United.

The UAL and United unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements shown here have been prepared as required by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Some information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements that comply with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) have been condensed or omitted as permitted by the SEC. The financial statements include all adjustments, including normal recurring adjustments and other adjustments, which are considered necessary for a fair presentation of the Company’s financial position and results of operations. The UAL and United financial statements should be read together with the information included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 (the “2013 Annual Report”). The Company’s quarterly financial data is subject to seasonal fluctuations and historically its second and third quarter financial results, which reflect higher travel demand, are better than its first and fourth quarter financial results.

NOTE 1 - SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

Frequent Flyer Accounting. On March 30, 2014, US Airways exited Star Alliance. Effective with the exit date, the Company updated its estimated selling price for miles to a value based on the equivalent ticket value less fulfillment discount, which incorporates the expected redemption of miles. The equivalent ticket value used as the basis for the estimated selling price of miles is based on the prior 12 months’ weighted average equivalent ticket value of similar fares as those used to settle award redemptions while taking into consideration such factors as redemption pattern, cabin class, loyalty status and geographic region. The estimated selling price of miles is adjusted by a fulfillment discount that considers a number of factors, including redemption patterns of various customer groups. This change in estimate was applied on a prospective basis beginning April 1, 2014. The estimated impact of this change on consolidated revenue is expected to be an increase of approximately $75 million in 2014.

Related Party Receivables. At December 31, 2013, United had receivables from two affiliates, which were wholly-owned subsidiaries of UAL, of $232 million that were classified against stockholder’s equity. UAL transferred all of its equity interest in each of the two subsidiaries to United in the first quarter of 2014, and the transfers have been reflected as reductions in paid in capital.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards. In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) amended the FASB Accounting Standards Codification and created a new Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers. This amendment prescribes that an entity should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The amendment supersedes the revenue recognition requirements in Topic 605, Revenue Recognition, and most industry-specific guidance throughout the Industry Topics of the Codification. The amendments will become effective for the Company’s annual and interim reporting periods beginning January 1, 2017. The Company is evaluating the impact on its financial statements.

 

13


Table of Contents

NOTE 2 - EARNINGS PER SHARE

The table below represents the computation of UAL’s basic and diluted earnings per share amounts and the number of securities that have been excluded from the computation of diluted earnings per share amounts because they were antidilutive (in millions, except per share amounts):

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,      Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2014      2013      2014      2013  

Basic earnings per share:

           

Net income

    $ 789         $ 469         $ 180         $ 52    

Less: Income allocable to participating securities

     (1)         (1)         (1)         —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings available to common stockholders

    $ 788         $ 468         $ 179         $ 52    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Basic weighted-average shares outstanding

     373          341          371          337    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings per share, basic

    $ 2.11         $ 1.37         $ 0.48         $ 0.15    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted earnings per share:

           

Earnings available to common stockholders

    $ 788         $ 468         $ 179         $ 52    

Effect of convertible notes

             11                  —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings available to common stockholders including the effect of dilutive securities

    $ 794         $ 479         $ 185         $ 52    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted shares outstanding:

           

Basic weighted-average shares outstanding

     373          341          371          337    

Effect of convertible notes

     22          53          21          —    

Effect of employee stock options

             —          —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Diluted weighted-average shares outstanding

     396          394          392          337    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings per share, diluted

    $ 2.01         $ 1.21         $ 0.47         $ 0.15    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Potentially dilutive shares excluded from diluted per share amounts:

           

Restricted stock and stock options

                               

Convertible notes

     —          —                  57    

During the second quarter of 2014, UAL used cash to purchase and retire $28 million aggregate principal amount of its 4.5% Convertible Notes due 2015 (the “4.5% Convertible Notes”) in market transactions. The corresponding equivalent amount of shares of UAL common stock are excluded from the determination of diluted weighted-average shares outstanding for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 from the date the debt was purchased.

In the first quarter of 2014, UAL issued approximately five million additional shares of UAL common stock in exchange for, or upon conversion of, $46 million in aggregate principal amount of UAL’s outstanding 6% convertible senior notes due 2029 held by holders of these notes. The newly issued shares of UAL common stock are included in the determination of basic weighted-average shares outstanding for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 from the date the shares were issued. The Company retired the 6% convertible senior notes acquired in the exchange.

Also, in the first quarter of 2014, holders of substantially all of the remaining $156 million outstanding principal amount of the 4.5% Senior Limited-Subordination Convertible Notes due 2021 (the “4.5% Notes”) exercised their right to convert such notes into approximately five million shares of UAL common stock at a conversion rate of 30.6419 shares of UAL common stock per $1,000 principal amount of 4.5% Notes. The newly issued shares of UAL common stock are included in the determination of basic weighted-average shares outstanding for the three and six months ended June 30, 2014 from the date the shares were issued. See Note 9 for additional information related to exercises of rights under the 4.5% Notes.

UAL’s Board of Directors has authorized a share repurchase program to acquire up to $1 billion of UAL’s common stock. UAL may repurchase shares through the open market, privately negotiated transactions, block trades, or accelerated share repurchase transactions from time to time in accordance with applicable securities laws. UAL will repurchase shares of common stock subject to prevailing market conditions, and may discontinue such repurchases at any time. On July 24, 2014, UAL entered into agreements under which it will repurchase approximately $200 million of shares of UAL common stock through an accelerated share repurchase program. The specific number of shares that UAL will ultimately repurchase under this accelerated share repurchase program will be determined based on a calculation period not to exceed approximately three months.

 

14


Table of Contents

NOTE 3 - ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

The tables below present the components of the Company’s accumulated other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax (“AOCI”) (in millions):

 

UAL (a)

   Pension and
Other
Postretirement
Liabilities
     Derivative
Contracts
     Investments
and  Other
     Total  

Balance at March 31, 2014

    $ 563         $        $ 13         $ 580    

Changes in value

     —          31                  32    

Amounts reclassified to earnings

     (18)                 (6)         (23)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net change

     (18)         32          (5)           
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2014

    $ 545         $ 36         $        $ 589    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2013

    $ 584         $ 11         $ 13         $ 608    

Changes in value

     (5)         21                  17    

Amounts reclassified to earnings

     (34)                 (6)         (36)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net change

     (39)         25          (5)         (19)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2014

    $ 545         $ 36         $        $ 589    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

UAL (a)

   Pension and
Other
Postretirement
Liabilities
     Derivative
Contracts
     Investments
and Other
     Total  

Balance at March 31, 2013

    $ (1,021)        $ (10)        $        $     (1,027)   

Changes in value

     442          (19)                 432    

Amounts reclassified to earnings

     17                  —          26    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net change

     459          (10)                 458    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2013

    $ (562)        $ (20)        $ 13         $ (569)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at December 31, 2012

    $ (1,042)        $ (10)        $        $ (1,046)   

Changes in value

     442          (28)                 421    

Amounts reclassified to earnings

     38          18          —          56    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net change

     480          (10)                 477    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Balance at June 30, 2013

    $ (562)        $ (20)        $ 13         $ (569)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

Details about AOCI Components

  Amount Reclassified from AOCI to
Income
    

Affected Line Item in

the Statements of

Consolidated Operations

    Three Months Ended June 30,     Six Months Ended June 30,       
    2014     2013     2014     2013       
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges           

Fuel contracts-reclassifications of losses into earnings (b)

   $       $       $       $ 18        Aircraft fuel
Amortization of pension and post-retirement items           

Amortization of unrecognized (gains) losses and prior service cost (credit) (b) (c)

   $ (18)       $ 17        $ (34    $ 38        Salaries and related costs
Investments and other           

Available for sale securities-reclassifications of gains into earnings (b)

   $ (6)       $ —        $ (6    $ —        Miscellaneous, net

 

 

(a) UAL and United amounts are substantially the same except for an additional $6 million of income tax benefit at United in the six months ended June 30, 2013 and additional (losses) gains related to investments and other of $(1) million and $1 million in the three months ended June 30, 2014 and the six months ended June 30, 2013, respectively.

(b) Income tax expense for these items was offset by the Company’s valuation allowance.

(c) This AOCI component is included in the computation of net periodic pension and other postretirement costs (see Note 5 of this report for additional details).

 

15


Table of Contents

NOTE 4 - INCOME TAXES

Our effective tax rates are lower than the federal statutory rate of 35% primarily because of the impact of changes to existing valuation allowances. We continue to provide a valuation allowance for our deferred tax assets in excess of deferred tax liabilities because we have concluded that it is more likely than not that such deferred tax assets will ultimately not be realized.

NOTE 5 - EMPLOYEE BENEFIT PLANS

Defined Benefit Pension and Other Postretirement Benefit Plans. The Company’s net periodic benefit cost includes the following components (in millions):

 

     Pension Benefits      Other  Postretirement
Benefits
 
     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2014      2013      2014      2013  
Service cost     $ 25         $ 32         $        $ 14    
Interest cost      50          47          22          28    
Expected return on plan assets      (44)         (40)         —          —    
Amortization of unrecognized (gain) loss and prior service cost (credit)              15          (20)           
Curtailment (gain) loss      —                  —          —    

Settlement (gain) loss

     —          (1)         —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

    $ 33         $ 55         $        $ 44    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
     Pension Benefits      Other Postretirement
Benefits
 
     Six Months Ended
June  30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2014      2013      2014      2013  
Service cost     $ 49         $ 65         $        $ 28    
Interest cost      101          94          44          56    
Expected return on plan assets      (89)         (80)         (1)         (1)   
Amortization of unrecognized (gain) loss and prior service cost (credit)              33          (39)           
Curtailment (gain) loss      —                  —          —    

Settlement (gain) loss

     —          (1)         —          —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

    $ 66         $ 113         $ 13         $ 88    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, the Company contributed $61 million and $118 million to its tax-qualified defined benefit pension plans.

 

16


Table of Contents

Share-Based Compensation. In February 2014, UAL granted share-based compensation awards pursuant to the United Continental Holdings, Inc. 2008 Incentive Compensation Plan. These share-based compensation awards include approximately 0.3 million shares of restricted stock and 0.5 million restricted stock units (“RSUs”) that vest pro-rata over three years on the anniversary of the grant date. The time-vested RSUs are cash-settled based on the 20-day average closing price of UAL common stock immediately prior to the vesting date. In addition, the Company granted 0.6 million performance-based RSUs that will vest based on the Company’s return on invested capital for the three years ending December 31, 2016. If this performance condition is achieved, cash payments will be made after the end of the performance period based on the 20-day average closing price of UAL common stock immediately prior to the vesting date. The Company accounts for the RSUs as liability awards. The table below presents information related to share-based compensation (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended June 30,      Six Months Ended June 30,  
     2014      2013      2014      2013  

Share-based compensation expense (a)

    $ 14         $ 13         $ 46         $ 40    
     June 30, 2014      December 31, 2013                

Unrecognized share-based compensation

    $ 74         $ 44          
             

(a) Includes $3 million of expense recognized in merger integration-related costs for the six months ended June 30, 2014. Includes $3 million and $11 million of expense recognized in merger integration-related costs for the three and six months ended June 30, 2013, respectively.

Profit Sharing Plans. Substantially all employees participated in profit sharing plans, which depending on the work group, pay from 5% to 20% of total pre-tax earnings, excluding special items and share-based compensation expense, to eligible employees when pre-tax profit, excluding special items, profit sharing expense and share-based compensation program expense, exceeds $10 million. Eligible U.S. co-workers in each participating work group received a profit sharing payout using a formula based on the ratio of each qualified co-worker’s annual eligible earnings to the eligible earnings of all qualified co-workers in all domestic work groups. The international profit sharing plan paid eligible non-U.S. co-workers the same percentage of eligible pay that is calculated under the U.S. profit sharing plan for management and administrative employees. Profit sharing expense is recorded as a component of salaries and related costs in the consolidated statements of operations.

 

17


Table of Contents

NOTE 6 - FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS AND FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

The table below presents disclosures about the financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis in the Company’s financial statements (in millions):

 

     June 30, 2014      December 31, 2013  
     Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3      Total      Level 1      Level 2      Level 3  
     UAL  

Cash and cash equivalents

    $ 3,424         $ 3,424         $ —         $ —         $ 3,220         $ 3,220         $ —         $ —    

Short-term investments:

                       

Asset-backed securities

     910          —          910          —          694          —          694          —    

Corporate debt

     790          —          790          —          685          —          685          —    

Certificates of deposit placed through an account registry service (“CDARS”)

     308          —          308          —          301          —          301          —    

Auction rate securities

     26          —          —          26          105          —          —          105    

U.S. government and agency notes

     40          —          40          —          38          —          38          —    

Other fixed income securities

     298          —          298          —          78          —          78          —    

Fuel derivatives, net

     116          —          116          —          104          —          104          —    

Enhanced equipment trust certificates (“EETC”)

     59          —          —          59          61          —          —          61    

Foreign currency derivative asset (liability), net

     (1)         —          (1)         —                  —                  —    

Restricted cash

     351          351          —          —          395          395          —          —    
     United  

Cash and cash equivalents

    $     3,418         $     3,418         $ —         $ —         $     3,214         $     3,214         $ —         $ —    

Short-term investments:

                       

Asset-backed securities

     910          —          910          —          694          —          694          —    

Corporate debt

     790          —          790          —          685          —          685          —    

CDARS

     308          —          308          —          301          —          301          —    

Auction rate securities

     26          —          —          26          105          —          —          105    

U.S. government and agency notes

     40          —          40          —          38          —          38          —    

Other fixed income securities

     298          —          298          —          78          —          78          —    

Fuel derivatives, net

     116          —          116          —          104          —          104          —    

EETC

     59          —          —          59          61          —          —          61    

Foreign currency derivative asset (liability), net

     (1)         —          (1)         —                  —                  —    

Restricted cash

     351          351          —          —          395          395          —          —    

Convertible debt derivative asset

     449          —          —          449          480          —          —          480    

Convertible debt option liability

     (263)         —          —          (263)         (270)         —          —          (270)   

Available-for-sale investment maturities - The short-term investments and EETC securities shown in the table above are classified as available-for-sale. As of June 30, 2014, asset-backed securities have remaining maturities of less than one year to approximately 40 years, corporate debt securities have remaining maturities of less than one year to approximately seven years, CDARS have maturities of less than one year, and auction rate securities have remaining maturities of approximately 24 to 32 years. U.S. government and other securities have maturities of less than one year to approximately four years. The EETC securities have various maturities with the final maturity in 2019.

 

18


Table of Contents

The table below presents disclosures about the activity for “Level 3” financial assets and financial liabilities (in millions):

 

    Three Months Ended June 30,  
    2014     2013  
    UAL and United     United     UAL and United     United  
    Student
Loan-Related
Auction Rate
Securities
    EETC     Convertible
Debt
Supplemental
Derivative
Asset
    Convertible
Debt
Conversion
Option
Liability
    Student
Loan-Related
Auction Rate
Securities
    EETC     Convertible
Debt
Supplemental
Derivative
Asset
    Convertible
Debt
Conversion
Option
Liability
 

Balance at March 31

   $ 96        $   59        $ 584        $ (352)       $ 108        $ 61        $ 413        $ (209)   
Purchases, (sales), issuances and (settlements) (net)     (74)        —         (62)        34         —         —         —         —    

Gains and (losses):

               

Reported in earnings:

               

Realized

           —         (5)               —         —         —         —    

Unrealized

           —         (68)        50         —         —         (18)        10    

Reported in other comprehensive income (loss)

    (5)        —         —         —                       —         —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at June 30

   $ 26        $ 59        $ 449        $ (263)       $ 115        $ 62        $ 395        $ (199)   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 
    Six Months Ended June 30,  
    2014     2013  
    UAL and United     United     UAL and United     United  
    Student
Loan-Related
Auction Rate
Securities
    EETC     Convertible
Debt
Supplemental
Derivative
Asset
    Convertible
Debt
Conversion
Option
Liability
    Student
Loan-Related
Auction Rate
Securities
    EETC     Convertible
Debt
Supplemental
Derivative
Asset
    Convertible
Debt
Conversion
Option
Liability
 

Balance at January 1

   $ 105        $   61        $ 480        $ (270)       $ 116        $ 63        $ 268        $ (128)   
Purchases, (sales), issuances and settlements (net)     (84)        (3)        (62)        34         (10)        (2)        —         —    

Gains and (losses):

               

Reported in earnings:

               

Realized

    10         —         (5)                      —         —         —    

Unrealized

           —         36         (32)               —         127         (71)   

Reported in other comprehensive income (loss)

    (5)               —         —                       —         —    
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at June 30

   $ 26        $ 59        $ 449        $ (263)       $ 115        $ 62        $ 395        $ (199)   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

United’s debt-related derivatives presented in the tables above relate to (a) supplemental indenture agreements that provide that United’s convertible debt is convertible into shares of UAL common stock upon the terms and conditions specified in the indentures, and (b) the embedded conversion options in United’s convertible debt that are required to be separated and accounted for as though they are free-standing derivatives as a result of the United debt becoming convertible into the common stock of a different reporting entity. The derivatives described above relate to the 6% Convertible Junior Subordinated Debentures due 2030 and the 4.5% Convertible Notes. Gains (losses) on these derivatives are recorded in Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net in United’s Statements of Consolidated Operations. These derivatives along with their gains (losses) are reported in United’s separate financial statements and are eliminated in consolidation for UAL.

 

19


Table of Contents

Derivative instruments and investments presented in the tables above have the same fair value as their carrying value. The table below presents the carrying values and estimated fair values of financial instruments not presented in the tables above (in millions):

 

    Fair Value of Debt by Fair Value Hierarchy Level  
    June 30, 2014     December 31, 2013  
    Carrying
Amount
    Fair Value     Carrying
Amount
    Fair Value  
          Total     Level 1     Level 2     Level 3           Total     Level 1     Level 2     Level 3  

UAL debt

   $   11,522        $   12,771        $   —        $   9,182        $   3,589        $   11,539        $   12,695        $   —        $   8,829        $   3,866    

United debt

    11,423         12,453         —         8,864         3,589         11,388         12,249         —         8,383         3,866    

 

Quantitative Information About Level 3 Fair Value Measurements (in millions)

 

Item

 

    

   Fair Value at
June  30, 2014
              

Valuation Technique

         

Unobservable Input

         

Range

(Weighted Average)

Auction rate securities

     $ 26         Valuation Service / Broker Quotes      Broker quotes (a)      NA

EETC

       59         Discounted Cash Flows      Structure credit risk (b)      3%

Convertible debt

derivative asset

       449         Binomial Lattice Model     

Expected volatility (c)

Own credit risk (d)

    

40% - 60% (41%)

5%

Convertible debt

option liability

       (263      Binomial Lattice Model     

Expected volatility (c)

Own credit risk (d)

    

40% - 60% (42%)

5%

 

(a) Broker quotes obtained by a third-party valuation service.

(b) Represents the credit risk premium of the EETC structure above the risk-free rate that the Company has determined market participants would use when pricing the instruments.

(c) Represents the range in volatility estimates that the Company has determined market participants would use when pricing the instruments.

(d) Represents the range of Company-specific risk adjustments that the Company has determined market participants would use as a model input.

Valuation Processes - Level 3 Measurements - Depending on the instrument, the Company utilizes broker quotes obtained from third-party valuation services, discounted cash flow methods, or option pricing methods, as indicated above. Valuations using discounted cash flow methods are generally conducted by the Company. Valuations using option pricing models are generally provided to the Company by third-party valuation experts. Each reporting period, the Company reviews the unobservable inputs used by third-party valuation experts for reasonableness utilizing relevant information available to the Company from other sources.

The Company uses broker quotes obtained from a valuation service (in replacement of a discounted cash flows method) for valuing auction rate securities. This approach provides the best available information.

Sensitivity Analysis - Level 3 Measurements - Changes in the structure credit risk would be unlikely to cause material changes in the fair value of the EETCs.

The significant unobservable inputs used in the fair value measurement of the United convertible debt derivative assets and liabilities are the expected volatility in UAL common stock and the Company’s own credit risk. Significant increases (decreases) in expected stock volatility would result in a higher (lower) fair value measurement. Significant increases (decreases) in the Company’s own credit risk would result in a lower (higher) fair value measurement. A change in one of the inputs would not necessarily result in a directionally similar change in the other.

 

20


Table of Contents

Fair value of the financial instruments included in the tables above was determined as follows:

 

Description

    

Fair Value Methodology

Cash and cash equivalents      The carrying amounts approximate fair value because of the short-term maturity of these assets.

Short-term investments and

Restricted cash

     Fair value is based on (a) the trading prices of the investment or similar instruments, (b) an income approach, which uses valuation techniques to convert future amounts into a single present amount based on current market expectations about those future amounts when observable trading prices are not available, (c) internally-developed models of the expected future cash flows related to the securities, or (d) broker quotes obtained by third-party valuation services.

Fuel derivatives

     Derivative contracts are privately negotiated contracts and are not exchange traded. Fair value measurements are estimated with option pricing models that employ observable inputs. Inputs to the valuation models include contractual terms, market prices, yield curves, fuel price curves and measures of volatility, among others.
Foreign currency derivatives      Fair value is determined with a formula utilizing observable inputs. Significant inputs to the valuation models include contractual terms, risk-free interest rates and forward exchange rates.

Debt

     Fair values were based on either market prices or the discounted amount of future cash flows using our current incremental rate of borrowing for similar liabilities.

Convertible debt derivative

asset and option liability

     United used a binomial lattice model to value the conversion options and the supplemental derivative assets. Significant binomial model inputs that are not objectively determinable include volatility and the Company’s credit risk component of the discount rate.

NOTE 7 - HEDGING ACTIVITIES

Fuel Derivatives

Aircraft fuel has been the Company’s single largest operating expense for the last several years. The availability and price of aircraft fuel significantly affects the Company’s operations, results of operations, financial position and liquidity. Aircraft fuel prices can fluctuate based on a multitude of factors including market expectations of supply and demand balance, inventory levels, geopolitical events, economic growth expectations, fiscal/monetary policies and financial investment flows. To protect against increases in the prices of aircraft fuel, the Company routinely hedges a portion of its future fuel requirements. As of June 30, 2014, the Company had hedged approximately 21%, 19% and less than 1% of its projected fuel requirements (416 million gallons, 742 million gallons and 35 million gallons, respectively) for the remainder of 2014, 2015 and 2016, respectively, with commonly used financial hedge instruments based on aircraft fuel or closely related commodities, such as diesel fuel and crude oil. As of June 30, 2014, the Company had fuel hedges expiring through March 2016. The Company does not enter into derivative instruments for non-risk management purposes.

As required, the Company assesses the effectiveness of each of its individual hedges on a quarterly basis. The Company also examines the effectiveness of its entire hedging program on a quarterly basis utilizing statistical analysis. This analysis involves utilizing regression and other statistical analyses that compare changes in the price of aircraft fuel to changes in the prices of the commodities used for hedging purposes.

Upon proper qualification, the Company accounts for certain fuel derivative instruments as cash flow hedges. All derivatives designated as hedges that meet certain requirements are granted hedge accounting treatment. The types of instruments the Company utilizes that qualify for special hedge accounting treatment typically include swaps, call options, collars (which consist of a purchased call option and a sold put option) and four-way collars (a collar with a higher strike sold call option and a lower strike purchased put option). Generally, utilizing hedge accounting, all periodic changes in fair value of the derivatives designated as hedges that are considered to be effective are recorded in AOCI until the underlying fuel is consumed and recorded in fuel expense. The Company is exposed to the risk that its hedges may not be effective in offsetting changes in the cost of fuel and that its hedges may not continue to qualify for hedge accounting. Hedge ineffectiveness results when the change in the fair value of the derivative instrument exceeds the change in the value of the Company’s expected future cash outlay to purchase and consume fuel. To the extent that the periodic changes in the fair value of the derivatives are not effective, that ineffectiveness is classified as Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net in the statements of consolidated operations.

 

21


Table of Contents

The Company also utilizes certain derivative instruments that are economic hedges but do not qualify for hedge accounting under U.S. GAAP. As with derivatives that qualify for hedge accounting, the purpose of these economic hedges is to mitigate the adverse financial impact of potential increases in the price of fuel. Currently, the only such economic hedges in the Company’s hedging portfolio are three-way collars (a collar with a higher strike sold call option). The Company records changes in the fair value of three-way collars to Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net in the statements of consolidated operations.

If the Company terminates a derivative prior to its contractual settlement date, then the cumulative gain or loss recognized in AOCI at the termination date remains in AOCI until the forecasted transaction occurs. In a situation where it becomes probable that a hedged forecasted transaction will not occur, any gains and/or losses that have been recorded to AOCI would be required to be immediately reclassified into earnings. All cash flows associated with purchasing and settling derivatives are classified as operating cash flows in the condensed statements of consolidated cash flows.

The Company records each derivative instrument as a derivative asset or liability (on a gross basis) in its consolidated balance sheets, and, accordingly, records any related collateral on a gross basis. The table below presents the fair value amounts of fuel derivative assets and liabilities and the location of amounts recognized in the Company’s financial statements.

The Company’s derivatives were reported in its consolidated balance sheets as follows (in millions):

 

Classification

 

Balance Sheet Location

   June 30,
2014
     December 31,
2013
 
Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges        

Assets:

       

Fuel contracts due within one year

  Receivables     $ 17         $ 19    

Fuel contracts with maturities greater than one year

  Other assets: Other, net      29            
    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

      $ 46         $ 25    
    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Derivatives not designated for hedge accounting

       

Assets:

       

Fuel contracts due within one year

  Receivables     $ 56         $ 70    

Fuel contracts with maturities greater than one year

  Other assets: Other, net      16            
    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

      $ 72         $ 79    
    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

       

Fuel contracts due within one year

  Current liabilities: Other     $        $ —    

Fuel contracts with maturities greater than one year

  Other liabilities and deferred credits: Other              —    
    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

      $        $ —    
    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total derivatives

       

Assets:

       

Fuel contracts due within one year

  Receivables     $ 73         $ 89    

Fuel contracts with maturities greater than one year

  Other assets: Other, net      45          15    
    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total assets

      $ 118         $ 104    
    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Liabilities:

       

Fuel contracts due within one year

  Current liabilities: Other     $        $ —    

Fuel contracts with maturities greater than one year

  Other liabilities and deferred credits: Other              —    
    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total liabilities

      $        $ —    
    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Derivative Credit Risk and Fair Value

The Company is exposed to credit losses in the event of nonperformance by counterparties to its derivative instruments. While the Company records derivative instruments on a gross basis, the Company monitors its net derivative position with each counterparty to monitor credit risk. Based on the fair value of our fuel derivative instruments, our counterparties may require us to post collateral when the price of the underlying commodity decreases, and we may require our counterparties to provide us with collateral when the price of the underlying commodity increases. The Company did not post or hold collateral as of June 30, 2014 and December 31, 2013.

 

22


Table of Contents

We have master trading agreements with all of our fuel hedging counterparties that allow us to net our fuel hedge derivative positions. We have elected not to net the fair value positions recorded on our consolidated balance sheets. The following table shows the potential net fair value positions (including fuel derivatives and related collateral) had we elected to offset. The table reflects offset at the counterparty level (in millions):

 

     June 30,
2014
     December 31,
2013
 

Receivables

   $ 72       $ 89   

Other assets: Other, net

     44         15   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Hedge derivatives, net

   $ 116       $ 104   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

The following tables present the impact of derivative instruments and their location within the Company’s unaudited statements of consolidated operations (in millions):

Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges

 

     Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized

in AOCI on Derivatives
(Effective Portion)
     Loss
Reclassified from
AOCI  into

Fuel Expense
     Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in

Nonoperating income
(expense): Miscellaneous, net
(Ineffective Portion)
 
     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
             2014                      2013                      2014                      2013                      2014                      2013          

Fuel contracts

    $ 31         $ (19)        $ (1)        $ (9)        $        $ (1)   

Derivatives designated as cash flow hedges

 

     Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized

in AOCI on Derivatives
(Effective Portion)
     Loss
Reclassified  from
AOCI into
Fuel Expense
     Amount of Gain (Loss)
Recognized in
Nonoperating income

(expense): Miscellaneous, net
(Ineffective Portion)
 
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
             2014                      2013                      2014                      2013                      2014                      2013          

Fuel contracts

    $ 21         $ (28)        $ (4)        $ (18)        $        $ (1)   

Derivatives not designated for hedge accounting

 

Fuel contracts              
     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
     
             2014                  2013                  2014                      2013              

Amount of gain (loss) recognized in Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net

    $ 39         $ (81)        $ (1)        $ (31)     

NOTE 8 - COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

Commitments. As of June 30, 2014, United had firm commitments to purchase aircraft from The Boeing Company (“Boeing”), Embraer S.A. (“Embraer”) and Airbus S.A.S. (“Airbus”) presented in the table below:

 

Aircraft Type

   Number of Firm
         Commitments (a)        
 

Airbus A350-1000

     35    

Boeing 737-900ER

     43    

Boeing 737 MAX 9

     100    

Boeing 787-8/-9/-10

     54    

Embraer 175

     26    
(a) United also has options and purchase rights for additional aircraft.   

 

23


Table of Contents

The aircraft listed in the table above are scheduled for delivery for the remainder of 2014 through 2025. In the remainder of 2014, United expects to take delivery of nine Boeing 737-900ER aircraft, one Boeing 787-8 aircraft, two Boeing 787-9 aircraft and 15 Embraer 175 aircraft.

The table below summarizes United’s commitments as of June 30, 2014, which primarily relate to the acquisition of aircraft and related spare engines, aircraft improvements and include other commitments primarily to acquire information technology services and assets. The table below is adjusted to include the impact of the Company’s July 2014 agreement with Boeing to convert seven Boeing 787-8 aircraft originally scheduled to be delivered between 2017 and 2018, to seven Boeing 787-10 aircraft scheduled to be delivered starting after 2018 and other scheduled adjustments.

 

     (in billions)  

Last six months of 2014

    $                     1.7    

2015

     2.9    

2016

     1.6    

2017

     1.2    

2018

     2.1    

After 2018

     13.8    
  

 

 

 
    $ 23.3    
  

 

 

 

Any incremental firm aircraft orders, including through the exercise of purchase options and purchase rights, will increase the total future capital commitments of the Company.

As of June 2014, United has arranged for EETC and bank debt financing for all 2014 aircraft deliveries other than seven Embraer 175 aircraft. In addition, United has secured backstop financing commitments from certain of its aircraft manufacturers for a limited number of its future aircraft deliveries, subject to certain customary conditions. Financing will be necessary to satisfy the Company’s capital commitments for its firm order aircraft and other related capital expenditures. The Company can provide no assurance that any financing not already in place for aircraft and spare engine deliveries will be available to the Company on acceptable terms when necessary or at all. See Note 9 of this report for additional information on aircraft financing.

Guarantees and Off-Balance Sheet Financing

Guarantees. United is the guarantor of approximately $1.6 billion in aggregate principal amount of tax-exempt special facilities revenue bonds and interest thereon. These bonds, issued by various airport municipalities, are payable solely from rentals paid under long-term agreements with the respective governing bodies. The leasing arrangements associated with $1.3 billion of these obligations are accounted for as operating leases with the associated expense recorded on a straight-line basis resulting in ratable accrual of the lease obligation over the expected lease term. The leasing arrangements associated with $272 million of these obligations are accounted for as capital leases. All of these bonds are due between 2015 and 2038.

In the Company’s financing transactions that include loans, the Company typically agrees to reimburse lenders for any reduced returns with respect to the loans due to any change in capital requirements and, in the case of loans in which the interest rate is based on the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”), for certain other increased costs that the lenders incur in carrying these loans as a result of any change in law, subject in most cases to obligations of the lenders to take certain limited steps to mitigate the requirement for, or the amount of, such increased costs. At June 30, 2014, the Company had $1.9 billion of floating rate debt and $246 million of fixed rate debt, with remaining terms of up to twelve years, that are subject to these increased cost provisions. In several financing transactions involving loans or leases from non-U.S. entities, with remaining terms of up to twelve years and an aggregate balance of $2.1 billion, the Company bears the risk of any change in tax laws that would subject loan or lease payments thereunder to non-U.S. entities to withholding taxes, subject to customary exclusions.

Credit Facilities. As of June 30, 2014, United had the entire capacity of $1.0 billion available under the revolving credit facility of the Company’s Credit and Guaranty Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”). See Note 9 of this report for additional information.

Labor Negotiations. As of June 30, 2014, United had approximately 86,000 active employees, of whom approximately 80% were represented by various labor organizations. We are currently in the process of negotiating amended collective bargaining agreements with our employee groups without joint collective bargaining agreements, including our technicians and flight attendants.

 

24


Table of Contents

NOTE 9 - DEBT

As of June 30, 2014, a substantial portion of our assets is pledged as collateral for our debt. These assets principally consist of aircraft, route authorities and loyalty program intangible assets. As of June 30, 2014, the Company was in compliance with its debt covenants.

4.5% Convertible Notes. During the second quarter of 2014, UAL used cash to purchase and retire $28 million aggregate principal amount of its 4.5% Convertible Notes in market transactions. As of June 30, 2014, the outstanding balance is $202 million.

6% Convertible Senior Notes. During the three months ended March 31, 2014, UAL issued approximately five million additional shares of UAL common stock in exchange for, or upon conversion of, $46 million in aggregate principal amount of UAL’s outstanding 6% convertible senior notes due 2029 held by the holders of these notes. As of June 30, 2014, the outstanding balance is $58 million.

8% Notes Due 2024. UAL redeemed in cash at par value all $400 million aggregate principal amount of its 8% Notes due 2024 on January 17, 2014.

4.5% Senior Limited-Subordination Convertible Notes. In June 2011, UAL repurchased at par value approximately $570 million of the $726 million outstanding principal amount of its 4.5% Notes with cash after notes were put to UAL by the noteholders. In the first quarter of 2014, holders of substantially all of the remaining $156 million outstanding principal amount of the 4.5% Notes exercised their right to convert such notes into approximately five million shares of UAL common stock at a conversion rate of 30.6419 shares of UAL common stock per $1,000 principal amount of 4.5% Notes.

2013 Credit and Guaranty Agreement. The Credit Agreement consists of a $900 million term loan due April 1, 2019 and a $1.0 billion revolving credit facility available for drawing until April 1, 2018. As of June 30, 2014, United had its entire capacity of $1.0 billion available under the revolving credit facility of the Company’s Credit Agreement. In March 2014, United amended the Credit Agreement to reduce the interest rate payable on the existing $893 million term loan from LIBOR plus a margin of 3.0% per annum to LIBOR plus a margin of 2.75% per annum, subject to a 0.75% floor.

See Note 11 in the 2013 Annual Report for additional information on the terms of the Credit Agreement.

EETCs. In April 2014 and August 2013, United created separate EETC pass-through trusts, each of which issued pass-through certificates. The proceeds of the issuance of the pass-through certificates are used to purchase equipment notes issued by United and secured by its aircraft. The Company records the debt obligation upon issuance of the equipment notes rather than upon the initial issuance of the pass-through certificates. The pass-through certificates represent fractional undivided interests in the respective pass-through trusts and are not obligations of United. The payment obligations under the equipment notes are those of United. Proceeds received from the sale of pass-through certificates are initially held by a depositary in escrow for the benefit of the certificate holders until United issues equipment notes to the trust, which purchases such notes with a portion of the escrowed funds. These escrowed funds are not guaranteed by United and are not reported as debt on our consolidated balance sheet because the proceeds held by the depositary are not United’s assets. United expects to receive all proceeds from these pass-through trusts by the end of 2014. Certain details of the pass-through trusts are as follows (in millions, except interest rate):

 

EETC Date

  

Class

   Principal     

Final
expected
distribution
date

   Stated
interest
rate
     Total debt
recorded
as of June 30,
2014
     Proceeds
received from
issuance of
debt in the
six months
ended
June 30,

2014
     Remaining
proceeds from
issuance of debt
to be received
in future
periods
 

April 2014

   A     $ 736        April 2026      4.0%        $ 248         $ 248         $ 488    

April 2014

   B      213        April 2022      4.75%         72          72          141    

August 2013

   A      720        August 2025      4.3%         720          567          —    

August 2013

   B      209        August 2021      5.375%         209          165          —    
     

 

 

          

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 
       $ 1,878               $ 1,249         $ 1,052         $ 629    
     

 

 

          

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

25


Table of Contents

The table below presents contractual principal payments at June 30, 2014 under then-outstanding long-term debt agreements in each of the next five calendar years (in millions):

 

     UAL      United  

Last six months of 2014

    $ 518         $ 518   

2015

     2,070          2,070   

2016

     1,114          1,114   

2017

     677          677   

2018

     1,201          1,201   

After 2018

     6,096          6,038   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 
    $     11,676         $     11,618   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

NOTE 10 - SPECIAL CHARGES

For the three and six months ended June 30, special charges consisted of the following (in millions):

 

     Three Months Ended
June 30,
     Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
     2014      2013      2014      2013  

Costs associated with permanently grounding Embraer ERJ 135 aircraft

    $ 66         $ —         $ 66         $ —    

Severance and benefits

     38          —          52          14    

Impairment of assets held for disposal

     32          —          33          —    

Integration-related costs

     17          45          51          115    

Losses on sale of assets and other special (gains) losses, net

     16          —          19          (3)   

Additional costs associated with the temporarily grounded Boeing 787 aircraft

     —                  —          18    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Special charges

     169          52          221          144    

Venezuela local currency loss

     —          —          21          —    

Income tax benefit

     —          —          (1)         —    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total operating and nonoperating special charges, net of income taxes

    $ 169         $ 52         $ 241         $ 144    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

During the three months ended June 30, 2014, the Company recorded $66 million for the permanent grounding of 21 of the Company’s Embraer ERJ 135 regional aircraft under lease through 2018, which includes an accrual for remaining lease payments and an amount for maintenance return conditions. As a result of the current fuel prices, new Embraer 175 regional jet deliveries and impact of pilot shortages at regional carriers, the Company decided to permanently ground these 21 Embraer ERJ 135 aircraft. The Company continues to operate nine Embraer ERJ 135 aircraft and will assess the possibility of grounding those aircraft when the current capacity purchase contracts end in the fourth quarter of 2014.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, the Company recorded $38 million and $52 million, respectively, related to reductions of management and front-line employees, including from Hopkins International Airport (“Cleveland”), as part of its cost savings initiatives. The Company reduced its average daily departures from Cleveland by over 60 percent during the second quarter. The Company is currently evaluating its options regarding its long-term contractual commitments at Cleveland. The capacity reductions at Cleveland may result in further special charges, which could be significant, related to our contractual commitments.

During the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, the Company recorded $32 million and $33 million, respectively, for charges related primarily to impairment of its flight equipment held for disposal associated with its Boeing 737-300 and 737-500 fleets.

Integration-related costs include compensation costs related to systems integration and training and relocation for employees.

The Company incurred losses on sales of aircraft and other assets and other special losses totaling $16 million and $19 million during the three and six months ended June 30, 2014, respectively.

During the three months ended March 31, 2014, the Company recorded $21 million of losses as part of Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net due to ongoing negotiations applicable to funds held in local Venezuelan currency. Approximately $100 million of the Company’s unrestricted cash balance was held as Venezuelan bolivars as of June 30, 2014.

During the six months ended June 30, 2013, the Company recorded $14 million associated with a voluntary program offered by United in which certain flight attendants took an unpaid 13-month leave of absence. The flight attendants continue to receive

 

26


Table of Contents

medical benefits and other Company benefits while on leave under this program. Approximately 1,300 flight attendants opted to participate in the program. In addition, the Company recorded $18 million associated with the temporary grounding of its Boeing 787 aircraft. The charges were comprised of aircraft depreciation expense and dedicated personnel costs that the Company incurred while the aircraft were grounded. Also, the Company recorded a $5 million gain related to a contract termination and $2 million in losses on the sale of assets.

Accruals

The accrual for severance and medical costs was $82 million as of June 30, 2014, compared to $38 million as of June 30, 2013. The severance-related accrual as of June 30, 2014 is expected to be paid through 2015.

 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS.

Overview

United Continental Holdings, Inc. (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, “UAL” or the “Company”) is a holding company and its principal, wholly-owned subsidiary is United Airlines, Inc. (together with its consolidated subsidiaries, “United”). This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q is a combined report of UAL and United including their respective consolidated financial statements. As UAL consolidates United for financial statement purposes, disclosures that relate to activities of United also apply to UAL, unless otherwise noted. United’s operating revenues and operating expenses comprise nearly 100% of UAL’s revenues and operating expenses. In addition, United comprises approximately the entire balance of UAL’s assets, liabilities and operating cash flows. When appropriate, UAL and United are named specifically for their individual contractual obligations and related disclosures and any significant differences between the operations and results of UAL and United are separately disclosed and explained. We sometimes use the words “we,” “our,” “us,” and the “Company” in this report for disclosures that relate to all of UAL and United.

The Company transports people and cargo through its mainline operations, which utilize jet aircraft with at least 118 seats, and regional operations, which utilize smaller aircraft that are operated under contract by United Express carriers. The Company serves virtually every major market around the world, either directly or through participation in Star Alliance®, the world’s largest airline alliance. The Company operates an average of more than 5,200 flights a day to 374 airports across six continents.

Second Quarter Financial Highlights

 

   

Second quarter 2014 net income was $919 million, or $2.34 diluted earnings per share, excluding $169 million of special charges, and excluding $46 million of mark-to-market gains recorded in Nonoperating expense from fuel hedges settling in future periods and adjusting for $7 million of prior period gains recorded in Nonoperating expense on fuel contracts settled in the current period (combined, “Economic Hedge Adjustments”). Unadjusted second quarter 2014 net income was $789 million, or $2.01 diluted earnings per share.

 

   

Passenger revenue increased 3.6% to $9.0 billion during the second quarter of 2014 as compared to the second quarter of 2013.

 

   

Second quarter 2014 aircraft fuel cost increased 1.1% year-over-year due mainly to a 2.3% increase in fuel prices, partially offset by a 1.2% decrease in fuel consumption.

 

   

Unrestricted liquidity was $6.8 billion, including $1.0 billion of undrawn commitments under the revolving credit facility of the Company’s Credit and Guaranty Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”).

 

   

UAL’s Board of Directors has authorized a share repurchase program to acquire up to $1 billion of UAL’s common stock. UAL may repurchase shares through the open market, privately negotiated transactions, block trades, or accelerated share repurchase transactions from time to time in accordance with applicable securities laws. UAL will repurchase shares of common stock subject to prevailing market conditions, and may discontinue such repurchases at any time. On July 24, 2014, UAL entered into agreements under which it will repurchase approximately $200 million of shares of UAL common stock through an accelerated share repurchase program. The specific number of shares that UAL will ultimately repurchase under this accelerated share repurchase program will be determined based on a calculation period not to exceed approximately three months.

Second Quarter Operational Highlights

 

   

For the quarter ended June 30, 2014, United recorded a U.S. Department of Transportation on-time arrival rate of 75.9% and a system completion factor of 99.0%.

 

   

Consolidated traffic increased 0.6% and consolidated capacity decreased 0.1% during the second quarter of 2014 as compared to the second quarter of 2013. The Company’s load factor for the second quarter of 2014 was 85.3%.

 

27


Table of Contents
   

The Company took delivery of 10 Boeing 737-900ER aircraft, one Boeing 787-8 aircraft and three Embraer 175 aircraft during the second quarter of 2014.

 

   

During the second quarter of 2014, the Company announced that it will be making changes to the MileagePlus loyalty program. Effective March 1, 2015, the MileagePlus program will be modified from the current model in which members earn redeemable miles based on distance traveled to one based on ticket price (including base fare and carrier imposed surcharges). Members will be able to earn between five and eleven miles per dollar spent based on their MileagePlus status. The updated program will enhance the rewards for customers who spend more with United and give them improved mileage-earning opportunities.

 

   

The Company announced that the dispatcher work group ratified a new joint collective bargaining agreement.

Outlook

In order to generate sustained profitability over the business cycle, the Company manages its capacity to balance with expected demand for travel. The Company expects full-year 2014 consolidated capacity to be between flat and up 1% year-over-year. The Company expects full year 2014 cost per available seat mile (“CASM”) excluding profit sharing, third-party business expense, fuel and special charges to increase 1% to 2% year-over-year. We are unable to project CASM including profit sharing, third-party business expense, fuel and special charges as the nature or amount of special charges are not determinable at this time.

United expanded its industry-leading global route network, launching nonstop flights from Houston to Munich; Newark to Santiago, Dominican Republic; and new seasonal service between Chicago and Edinburgh, Scotland, and from Washington D.C. to both Madrid and Nassau, Bahamas. The Company continued to develop its industry-leading Pacific gateway in San Francisco by launching service to Chengdu, China, and announcing service to Tokyo’s Haneda airport. The Company also announced new service from Houston to Santiago, Chile, and announced new routes from Chicago to Belize City, Belize; Denver to Panama City, Panama; Houston to Punta Cana, Dominican Republic; and San Francisco to Kelowna, British Columbia. Should fuel prices increase significantly or should the U.S. or global economic growth outlook decline substantially, we would likely adjust our capacity plans to reflect the different operating environment.

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The following discussion provides an analysis of results of operations and reasons for material changes therein for the three months ended June 30, 2014 as compared to the corresponding period in 2013.

Second Quarter 2014 Compared to Second Quarter 2013

The Company recorded net income of $789 million in the second quarter of 2014 as compared to net income of $469 million in the second quarter of 2013. Excluding special charges and with Economic Hedge Adjustments, the Company had net income of $919 million in the second quarter of 2014 as compared to net income of $608 million in the second quarter of 2013. See “Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures” at the end of this item for additional information related to accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) to Non-GAAP financial measures. We consider a key measure of our performance to be operating income, which was $906 million for the second quarter of 2014, as compared to $770 million for the second quarter of 2013. Significant components of our operating results for the three months ended June 30 are as follows (in millions, except percentage changes):

 

     2014     2013     Increase
(Decrease)
    % Increase
(Decrease)
 

Operating revenue

    $ 10,329       $ 10,001       $ 328        3.3   

Operating expense

     9,423        9,231        192        2.1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     906        770        136        17.7   

Nonoperating expense

     (115     (299     (184     (61.5

Income tax expense

     2        2                 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

    $ 789       $ 469       $ 320        68.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

NM - Not meaningful

 

28


Table of Contents

Certain consolidated statistical information for the Company’s operations for the three months ended June 30 is as follows:

 

     2014      2013      Increase
(Decrease)
    %  Increase
(Decrease)
 

Passengers (thousands) (a)

     35,837              35,952              (115     (0.3

Revenue passenger miles (“RPMs”) (millions) (b)

     53,900              53,581              319        0.6   

Available seat miles (“ASMs”) (millions) (c)

     63,214              63,251              (37     (0.1

Passenger load factor (d)

     85.3 %         84.7 %         0.6 pts.        N/A   

Passenger revenue per available seat mile (“PRASM”) (cents)

     14.21              13.70              0.51        3.7   

Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents) (e)

     16.66              16.18              0.48        3.0   

CASM (cents)

     14.91              14.59              0.32        2.2   

Average price per gallon of fuel, including fuel taxes

    $ 3.09             $ 3.02             $ 0.07        2.3   

Fuel gallons consumed (millions)

     1,004              1,016              (12     (1.2

Average full-time equivalent employees

     82,000              85,200              (3,200     (3.8

 

(a) The number of revenue passengers measured by each flight segment flown.

(b) The number of scheduled miles flown by revenue passengers.

(c) The number of seats available for passengers multiplied by the number of scheduled miles those seats are flown.

(d) Revenue passenger miles divided by available seat miles.

(e) The average passenger revenue received for each revenue passenger mile flown.

Operating Revenue

The table below shows year-over-year comparisons by type of operating revenue for the three months ended June 30 (in millions, except for percentage changes):

 

      2014      2013      Increase
(Decrease)
    % Change  

Passenger—Mainline

    $ 7,148         $ 6,829         $ 319        4.7   

Passenger—Regional

     1,833          1,839          (6     (0.3
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

Total passenger revenue

     8,981          8,668          313        3.6   

Cargo

     232          236          (4     (1.7

Other operating revenue

     1,116          1,097          19        1.7   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   
    $ 10,329         $ 10,001         $ 328        3.3   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

The table below presents selected passenger revenue and operating data, broken out by geographic region, expressed as second quarter year-over-year changes:

 

        Domestic           Pacific           Atlantic           Latin             Total
  Mainline     
      Regional         Consolidated    

Increase (decrease) from

2013 (a):

             

Passenger revenue (in millions)

  $ 208          $ (3)          $ 46          $ 68          $ 319          $ (6)         $ 313       
Passenger revenue     6.3 %        (0.3) %        2.8 %        10.3 %        4.7 %        (0.3)%        3.6 %   

Average fare per passenger

    6.1 %        3.0  %        2.6 %        (1.7)%        3.5 %        2.8 %        3.9 %   

Yield

    6.8 %        (0.8) %        2.1 %        1.5 %        3.8 %        0.6 %        3.0 %   

PRASM

    7.8 %        (2.6) %        2.5 %        4.4 %        4.4 %        2.4 %        3.7 %   

Average stage length

    — %        5.2  %        0.6 %        (3.2)%        0.7 %        3.1 %        2.2 %   

Passengers

    0.1 %        (3.1) %        0.2 %        12.2 %        1.1 %        (3.0)%        (0.3)%   

RPMs (traffic)

    (0.5)%        0.6  %        0.6 %        8.6 %        0.8 %        (0.9)%        0.6 %   

ASMs (capacity)

    (1.4)%        2.4  %        0.3 %        5.6 %        0.3 %        (2.7)%        (0.1)%   

Passenger load factor (points)

    0.8            (1.4)            0.3            2.3            0.4            1.6            0.6       

 

  (a) See Item 6 of the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 for the definition of these statistics.

Consolidated passenger revenue in the second quarter of 2014 increased 3.6% as compared to the year-ago period due to an increase in consolidated yield of 3.0% year-over-year and an increase of 0.6% in traffic, offset by a reduction in capacity of 0.1% year-over-year.

 

29


Table of Contents

Cargo revenue decreased $4 million, or 1.7%, in the second quarter of 2014 as compared to the year-ago period due to lower yield on freight, primarily in the Pacific region, partially offset by higher freight volumes in the Atlantic and Pacific regions and an improvement in mail revenue versus the year-ago period.

Other operating revenue in the second quarter of 2014 increased $19 million, or 1.7%, as compared to the year-ago period due primarily to an increase in the sale of aircraft fuel to a third party and increases in ancillary revenue and contract services revenue.

Operating Expenses

The table below includes data related to the Company’s operating expenses for the three months ended June 30 (in millions, except for percentage changes):

 

     2014      2013      Increase
(Decrease)
     % Change  

Aircraft fuel

    $ 3,101         $ 3,068         $ 33          1.1    

Salaries and related costs

     2,187          2,175          12          0.6    

Regional capacity purchase

     591          628          (37)         (5.9)   

Landing fees and other rent

     567          507          60          11.8    

Aircraft maintenance materials and outside repairs

     471          480          (9)         (1.9)   

Depreciation and amortization

     417          425          (8)         (1.9)   

Distribution expenses

     346          347          (1)         (0.3)   

Aircraft rent

     222          235          (13)         (5.5)   

Special charges

     169          52          117          NM    

Other operating expenses

     1,352          1,314          38          2.9    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    
    $ 9,423         $ 9,231         $ 192          2.1    
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

Aircraft fuel expense increased $33 million, or 1.1%, year-over-year primarily due to a 2.3% increase in the average price per gallon of aircraft fuel, partially offset by a 1.2% decrease in fuel consumption in the second quarter of 2014 compared to the year-ago period. The table below presents the significant changes in aircraft fuel cost per gallon in the three month period ended June 30, 2014 as compared to the year-ago period:

 

     (In millions)      %
Change
     Average price per gallon  
      2014      2013         2014      2013      %
Change
 
Total aircraft fuel purchase cost excluding fuel hedge impacts     $ 3,100         $ 3,059          1.3         $ 3.09         $ 3.01          2.7    
Hedge losses reported in fuel expense                      NM          —          0.01          NM    
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

    

Fuel expense as reported

     3,101          3,068          1.1          3.09          3.02          2.3    
Cash received on settled hedges that do not qualify for hedge accounting (a)                      NM          0.01          0.01          NM    
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

    
Fuel expense including all gains (losses) from settled hedges     $ 3,096         $ 3,063          1.1         $ 3.08         $ 3.01          2.3    
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

 

 

    

 

 

    

Total fuel consumption (gallons)

     1,004          1,016          (1.2)            

 

(a) Includes ineffectiveness gains (losses) on settled hedges and gains (losses) on settled hedges that were not designated for hedge accounting. Ineffectiveness gains (losses) and gains (losses) on hedges that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recorded in Nonoperating income (expense): Miscellaneous, net.

Salaries and related costs increased $12 million, or 0.6%, in the second quarter of 2014 as compared to the year-ago period primarily due to higher pay rates driven by new collective bargaining agreements, partially offset by lower pension and post-employment benefit costs.

Regional capacity purchase expense decreased $37 million, or 5.9%, in the second quarter of 2014 as compared to the year-ago period primarily due to a transition from paying regional carriers for landing fees to paying airports directly. Landing fees paid directly to airports are charged to Landing fees and other rent while payments to regional carriers are recorded to Regional capacity purchase. As a result of this change, there has been a significant shift of expense out of Regional capacity purchase into Landing fees and other rent in the second quarter of 2014 versus the year-ago period. These benefits were partially offset by higher rates primarily due to annual rate escalations.

 

30


Table of Contents

Landing fees and other rent increased $60 million, or 11.8%, in the second quarter of 2014 as compared to the year-ago period primarily due to a transition from paying regional carriers for landing fees to paying airports directly. Landing fees have also increased due to airport security services and modernization projects at certain airport locations.

Aircraft rent decreased $13 million, or 5.5%, in the second quarter of 2014 as compared to the year-ago period primarily due to aircraft lease expirations and terminations of certain leases resulting from the Company’s purchase of the leased aircraft.

Other operating expenses increased $38 million, or 2.9%, in the second quarter of 2014 as compared to the year-ago period primarily due to an increase in aircraft fuel sold to a third party and increases in other personnel-related expenses and purchased services.

Details of the Company’s special charges include the following for the three months ended June 30 (in millions):

 

     2014      2013  

Costs associated with permanently grounding Embraer ERJ 135 aircraft

    $ 66         $ —    

Severance and benefits

     38          —    

Impairment of assets held for disposal

     32          —    

Integration-related costs

     17          45    

Losses on sale of assets and other special losses

     16          —    

Additional costs associated with the temporarily grounded Boeing 787 aircraft

     —            
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Special charges

    $ 169         $ 52    
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

See Note 10 to the financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this report for additional information.

Nonoperating Income (Expense). The following table illustrates the year-over-year dollar and percentage changes in the Company’s nonoperating income (expense) for the three months ended June 30 (in millions, except for percentage changes):

 

     2014      2013      Increase
(Decrease)
     % Change  

Interest expense

    $ (186)        $ (194)        $ (8)         (4.1)   

Interest capitalized

     13          12                  8.3    

Interest income

                     (2)         (33.3)   

Miscellaneous, net

     54          (123)         177          NM    
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

Total

    $ (115)        $ (299)         (184)         (61.5)   
  

 

 

    

 

 

       

Interest expense decreased $8 million, or 4.1%, in the second quarter of 2014, compared to the year-ago period primarily due to the Company’s extinguishment of certain debt instruments and the refinancing of certain debt instruments at lower interest rates.

During the second quarter of 2014, Miscellaneous, net included gains of $39 million from derivatives not qualifying for hedge accounting as compared to losses of $81 million in the year-ago period. Second quarter 2014 Miscellaneous, net also reflects gains on investments and improvements in foreign currency gains/losses versus the year-ago period.

Income Taxes. Our effective tax rates are lower than the federal statutory rate of 35% primarily because of the impact of changes to existing valuation allowances. We continue to provide a valuation allowance for our deferred tax assets in excess of deferred tax liabilities because management has concluded that it is more likely than not that such deferred tax assets will ultimately not be realized. See Note 4 to the financial statements included in Part I, Item 1 of this report.

 

31


Table of Contents

First Six Months 2014 Compared to First Six Months 2013

UAL recorded net income of $180 million in the first six months of 2014 as compared to net income of $52 million in the first six months of 2013. Excluding operating and nonoperating special charges and with Economic Hedge Adjustments, UAL had net income of $430 million in the first six months of 2014 as compared to net income of $250 million in the first six months of 2013. See “Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Financial Measures” at the end of this item for additional information related to GAAP to Non-GAAP financial measures. We consider a key measure of our performance to be operating income, which was $557 million for the first six months of 2014, as compared to $506 million for the first six months of 2013. Significant components of our operating results for the first six months of 2014 are as follows (in millions, except percentage changes):

 

     2014     2013     Increase
(Decrease)
    % Increase
(Decrease)
 

Operating Revenue

    $ 19,025       $ 18,722       $ 303        1.6   

Operating Expense

     18,468        18,216        252        1.4   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating Income

     557        506        51        10.1   

Nonoperating Expense

     (372     (461     (89     (19.3

Income Tax Expense (Benefit)

     5        (7     12        NM   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net Income

    $ 180       $ 52       $ 128        246.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

NM - Not meaningful

Certain consolidated statistical information for UAL’s operations for the six months ended June 30 is as follows:

 

     2014      2013      Increase
(Decrease)
    %  Increase
(Decrease)
 

Passengers (thousands) (a)

     67,737              68,307              (570     (0.8

RPMs (millions) (b)

     100,283              100,125              158        0.2   

ASMs (millions) (c)

     120,430              120,623              (193     (0.2

Passenger load factor (d)

     83.3 %         83.0 %         0.3 pts.        N/A   

PRASM (cents)

     13.59              13.45              0.14        1.0   

Average yield per revenue passenger mile (cents) (e)

     16.32              16.21              0.11        0.7   

CASM (cents)

     15.34              15.10              0.24        1.6   

Average price per gallon of fuel, including fuel taxes

    $ 3.13            $ 3.15            $ (0.02     (0.6

Fuel gallons consumed (millions)

     1,920              1,940              (20     (1.0

Average full-time equivalent employees

     82,600      <